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Exerc Med > Volume 5; 2021 > Article
Exercise Medicine 2021;5: 4.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26644/em.2021.004    Published online December 30, 2021.
Influence of Physically Active or Sedentary Lifestyle on Postural Control of Community-dwelling Old Adults
Uanderson Silva Pirôpo1,2, Silvania Moraes Costa1,2, Ícaro JS Ribeiro1,2, Ivna Vidal Freire1,2, Ludmila Schettino1,2, Rafael da Silva Passos1,2, Marco Machado3,4  , Cezar Augusto Casotti2, Rafael Pereira1,2
1Integrative Physiology Research Center, Biological Sciences Department, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Jequié 45210-506, Bahia, Brazil
2Postgraduate Program in Nursing & Health, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Jequié 45210-506, Bahia, Brazil
3Universidade Iguaçu, Laboratory of Physiology and Biokinetics, Itaperuna 28300-000, RJ, Brazil
4FUNITA, Laboratory of Human Movement Studies, Itaperuna 28300-000, RJ, Brazil
Correspondence:  Marco Machado, Tel: +55-22-3824-4040, Email: marcomachado1@gmail.com
Received: 11 November 2021   • Accepted: 29 December 2021
Abstract

Objectives
The maintenance of the postural balance is fundamental for the daily living activities, as well as for the practice of physical exercise. However, the aging process and sedentary behavior (i.e., large sitting time) lead to changes biological systems, impairing postural balance with consequent increased falls risk. On the other hand, physical activity practice is a protective factor against these trends. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of physical activity profile and sedentary behavior on postural control in community-dwelling old adults.
Methods
This is a cross-sectional study including 208 community-dwelling old adults, which were stratified as sufficiently or insufficiently physically active and with or without sedentary behavior. Then, they were grouped as follow: G1 (sufficiently physically active and without sedentary behavior), G2 (insufficiently physically active, but without sedentary behavior), G3 (sufficiently physically active, but with sedentary behavior), and G4 (insufficiently physically active and with sedentary behavior).
Results
Stabilometric parameters (sway area, total length of center of pressure [CoP] trajectory, and the mean velocity of CP displacement) were obtained to evaluate the postural control. There was significant difference between G1 and G4 on mean velocity of CoP displacement (p < 0.05).
Conclusions
The coexistence of sedentary behavior and insufficient physically active profile seem to impact negatively on postural control.
Keywords: ageing; postural control; sedentary behavior; stabilometry
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